Bozcaada, which is at a strategic point at the entrance of the Dardanelles Strait, is 40 km and 6 km from the mainland. Since it was at the entrance of the Dardanelles, it has always been important since the beginning of sea trade.
According to mythology, Tenedos takes its name from Tenes, son of Kyknos, king of the Kolonai antique city on the opposite bank of the island. The antique city of the ancient city of Tenedos as the settlement area, the current Bozcaada settlement was used. This region is located on the eastern slopes of Göztepe hill and into the plain from the area where today’s modern settlement area is located. Both of the slopes of the valley were used as a necropolis area and there are also necropolis areas uncovered by archaeological excavations. This necropolis area BC. It has been used uninterruptedly from 3000 until Roman period.
Archaeological studies indicate that the first human traces in Bozcaada date back to the Early Bronze Age. It is seen that the island played a very important role especially in maritime.
One of the writers of antiquity, Ozan Homer, BC. The historian Herodotus and Aristotle who lived in the 5th century and geographer Strabon mentioned about the ancient city of Tenedos.